If you are a true coffee lover, you know that the process of roasting the beans is way more important than just brewing. Many terms can be confusing when it comes to coffee. Things like bean origin, roast level, and processing method have specific meanings that can make choosing the right type of coffee a little challenging. But if you are ready to explore this wonderful world of flavors and aromas, it’s time to get acquainted with your local barista and know everything about roasts. Nothing is more important than knowing what kind of roast works for you. Your taste preferences will help you decide which one suits you best.
What is a Coffee Roast?
A roast is heating your coffee to remove moisture and produce a specific flavor and aroma. Depending on your preferred roast level, you can adjust the taste of your coffee to be light, medium, or dark. Most people get confused between roast level and roast type. The time and temperature used while roasting coffee beans impact the taste, texture, and caffeine content. Roast level refers to the color of the beans before they are ground. The light roast has a greenish color, the medium roast is brown, and the dark roast is entirely black. The longer the coffee is roasted, the darker the color of the beans and the stronger the taste. Let’s look at different types of coffee recipes and what they mean for your coffee drinking experience:
1. Light Roast
A light roast is the least roasted coffee on the market. It is lightweight, almost yellow, and commonly used for iced coffee, cold brew, and lattes. Light roast coffee is best for those who like their coffee light, low-calorie, and low on caffeine. It’s also great for those who want to enjoy coffee without the jitters. A light roast is usually made with Arabica coffee beans. These beans are mild in flavor and generally have lower caffeine content.
2. Medium Roast
A medium roast is reddish brown and is often described as full-bodied or rich. It is produced by roasting beans that are already darker than the beans used in a light roast. A medium roast coffee is the most popular choice among coffee drinkers. It’s perfect for the morning cup of joe, the after-dinner espresso, or even a relaxing afternoon tea. A medium roast is a way to go if you prefer coffee that is not too strong and not too light.
3. Dark Roast
A dark roast has a dark, almost black, color. It has a strong flavor, a strong smell, and a high caffeine content. A dark roast is a perfect choice for those who adore strong coffee, and it has a rich aroma and an intense flavor. A dark roast coffee is usually made with Robusta coffee beans which are very high in caffeine. A dark roast is your best bet if you’re looking for a more robust coffee with a kick.
4. Decaffeinated Coffee and Roasts
Decaffeinated coffee is a coffee bean processed in a way that removes most of its caffeine. Decaffeinated coffee is perfect for those who want to enjoy the rich flavor of coffee without getting the jitters or sleepless nights. You can choose between three types of decaffeinated coffee – Swiss Water Process, Ethanol Process, or Carbon Dioxide Process.
Swiss Water Process decaffeinated coffee is made with non-decaffeinated coffee beans and is then thoroughly rinsed with large quantities of water. Ethanol Process decaffeinated coffee is made with non-decaffeinated coffee beans and is then subjected to the action of an Ethanol solvent. Carbon dioxide Decaffeinated coffee is made with non-decaffeinated coffee beans, and CO2 is used to remove the caffeine.
To fully appreciate the flavors and aromas of your favorite coffee, you need to know everything about roasts. A lighter roast will have a more robust flavor and less caffeine because it has been roasted for a shorter time and at a lower temperature. A darker roast will have a milder flavor and is richer in caffeine. Now that you know what a coffee roast is, you are ready to take your coffee drinking experience to the next level. Go to your local coffee shop and ask for a sample. Try out different roasts until you find your perfect match.